The Internet has gradually developed over the years based on a variety of different inventions. Originally, the Internet was not public space. The earliest predecessor of the Internet, the Advanced Research Projects Agency Networks (ARPAnet), was a U.S. military project that was used during the Cold War. The intention was to create a military command center that could stand up to a nuclear attack. It would distribute information through computers across broad regions. It opened in 1969 and was almost immediately seized by civilians capable of hacking into the system.
There were actually a number of networking developments that occurred after ARPAnet that eventually led to the Internet as we know it today. In
1982, the Internet Protocol Suite (TCP/IP) was standardized, creating a world-wide network of interconnected computers. ARPAnet was still around at this time and was expanded in 1981 and 1986 by the National Science Foundation. Their goal was to provide access for research and educational organizations to share information and interact with one another. It was also during this time that commercial Internet service providers came into existence. ARPAnet was eventually dismantled in 1990.
Father of the Internet
Though many people were involved with the development of Internet, Tim Berners-Lee is most commonly credited with being the so-called Father of the Internet. He was the leading developer of the World Wide Web, he developed hypertext markup language, URLs and hypertext transfer protocol. These developments all occurred in the short period between 1989 and 1991. Berners-Lee was from London, England and graduated from Oxford University. He currently works as the Director of the World Wide Web Consortium, which sets technical standards for the Internet.
One of the most significant developments for the Internet as we know it today occurred in 1995. This was they year the last of the restrictions were removed from the Internet and commercial traffic became the norm. It was around this time many people began using the Internet for entertainment purposes.
The Internet has had a significant impact on cultures and commercial structures around the world. Entire businesses are conducted online, and even businesses that are brick and mortar organizations have a significant presence online. People communicate for education, business, and personal purposes via email, instant messaging, video chat, and Voice Over Internet Protocol (VoIP) telephone calls. There are also discussion forums, message boards, videos, blogs, and social networking sites.
It is possible to conduct business or internet with people all over the globe, saving companies millions of dollars and opening up communication streams that were never before possible. The Internet is highly regulated in some parts of the world, where media in general, is controlled by the government. There is often talk of adding more Internet regulation in countries like the United States, but the movement is always met with harsh criticism and resistance. A common complaint is that it can be difficult to regulate sales of services and items through the Internet, which affects everything from the safety of children to the collection of sales tax.